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Publications

The publications are listed in reverse chronological order within each section. Seminal papers are highlighted in bold.  Each reference is a link to either the paper or an external download portal.

Gold Grains

Averill, S.A. 2014. The Blackwater gold-spessartine-pyrolusite dispersal train, British Columbia, Canada: Influence of sampling depth on indicator mineralogy and geochemistry.  Association of Applied Geochemists, 27th IAGS, Application of Indicator Mineral Methods to Mineral Exploration, Short Course SC02, Tucson. 

Averill, S.A. 2013. Discovery and delineation of the Rainy River Gold Deposit using glacially dispersed gold grains sampled by deep overburden drilling: A 20 year odyssey. In: Paulen,R.C. & McClenaghan, M.B. (eds.) New Frontiers for Exploration in Glaciated Terrain. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7374, 37-46.  

Averill, S.A. & Huneault, R.G. 1991. Using silt-sized visible gold grains to explore for gold deposits concealed by Quaternary overburden: Nevada vs. Canada. The Association of Applied Geochemists, Explore Newsletter, 72, 1, 10-14.

Averill, S.A. 1988. Regional variations in the gold content of till in Canada. In: MacDonald,D.R. & Mills,K.A. (eds) Prospecting in Area of Glaciated Terrain - 1988. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Geological Division, Halifax, 271-284.

Sauerbrei, J.A., Patterson, E.F. & Averill, S.A. 1987. Till sampling in the Casa-Berardi gold area, Quebec: A case history in orientation and discovery. Journal of Geochemical Exploration28, 297-314.

Averill, S.A. & Zimmerman, J.R. 1986. The riddle resolved: The discovery of the Partridge gold zone using sonic drilling in glacial overburden at Waddy Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Geology Journal of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1, 14-20.

 

Sopuck, V.,Schreiner, B. & Averill, S.A. 1986. Drift prospecting for gold in Saskatchewan – use of heavy mineral concentrates in tills. In: Clark, L.A. (ed.) Gold in the Western Shield. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Special Volume, 38, 435-469.

Base Metal Indicator Minerals including MMSIMs®

McClenaghan, M.B.,Paulen, R.C., Layton-Matthews, D.,Hicken, A.K. & Averill, S.A. 2015. Glacial dispersal of gahnite from the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag VMS deposit, northern Canada. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 15, 333-349. 

McClenaghan, M.B.,Parkhill, M.A., Seaman, A.A., Pronk, A.G., Averill, S.A., Rice, J.M. & Pyne, M. 2014. Indicator mineral signatures of the Sisson W-Mo deposit, New Brunswick, Part 2 till. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7467.

McClenaghan, M.B., Holmes, D.R.S., Averill, S.A., Paulen, R.C. & Laython-Matthews, D. 2014. Physical features indicating the glacial transport distance of gahnite from the Izok Lake Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag VMS deposit, Nunavut. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7603.  

McClenaghan, M.B., Parkhill, M.A., Averill, S.A., Pronk, A.G., Boldon, R., Chapman, J. & Rice, J.M. 2014. Indicator mineral abundance data for bedrock and till from the Mount Pleasant Sn-W-Mo-Bi-In deposit, New Brunswick. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7573.  

McClenaghan,M.B. & Averill, S.A. 2014. Indicator mineral abundance data for a bedrock sample from the Little River antimony occurrence, Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7615. 

Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Laython-Matthews, D., Paulen, R.C., Averill, S.A. & Crabtree, D. 2013. Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Nunavut: Part 1 bedrock samples. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7173. 

McClenaghan, M.B., Kjarsgaard, I.M., Averill, S.A., Laython-Matthews, D., Crabtree, D., Matile, G., McMartin, I. & Pyne, M. 2013. Indicator mineral signatures of magmatic Ni-Cu deposits, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba: Part 2 - till data. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7200.  

McClenaghan, M.B., Paulen, R.C., Duso, G. & Averill, S.A. 2013. Indicator mineral abundance data for till and bedrock samples from the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Nunavut: samples collected in 2012. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7386.  

McClenaghan, M.B., Parkhill, M.A., Averill, S.A. & Kjarsgaard, I.M. 2013. Indicator mineral signatures of the Sisson W-Mo deposit, New Brunswick: Part 1 bedrock samples. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7431. 

 

Oviatt, N.M., McClenaghan, M.B., Paulen, R.C.,Gleeson, S.A., Averill, S.A. & Paradis, S. 2013. Indicator minerals in till and bedrock samples from the Pine Point Mississippi Valley-type district, Northwest Territories. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7423. 

Hicken, A.K., McClenaghan, M.B., Paulen, R.C., Laython-Matthews, D., Averill, S.A. & Crabtree, D. 2013. Indicator mineral signatures of the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Nunavut: Part 2 till. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7343.  

McClenaghan, M.B., Hicken, A.K., Averill, S.A., Paulen, R.C. & Laython-Matthews, D. 2012. Indicator mineral abundance data for bedrock and till samples from the Izok Lake Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Nunavut. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7075. 

McClenaghan, M.B., Budulan, G., Averill, S.A., Laython-Matthews, D. & Parkhill, M.A. 2012. Indicator mineral abundance data for bedrock and till samples from the Halfmile Lake Zn-Pb-Cu volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Bathurst Mining Camp, New Brunswick. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7076. 

McClenaghan, M.B., Kjarsgaard, I.M., Averill, S.A., Laython-Matthews, D., Crabtree, D. & Matile, G. 2012. Indicator mineral signatures of magmatic Ni-Cu deposits, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba: Part 1 - bedrock data. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6766.  

McClenaghan, M.B., Oviatt, N.M., Averill, S.A., Paulen, R.C., Gleeson, S.A., McNeil, R.J., McCurdy, M.W., Paradis, S. & Rice, J.M. 2012. Indicator mineral abundance data for bedrock, till and stream sediment samples from the Pine Point Mississippi Valley-Type Zn-Pb deposits, Northwest Territories. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7267. 

Averill, S.A. 2011. Viable indicator minerals in surficial sediments for two major base metal deposit types: Ni-Cu-PGE and porphyry Cu. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 11, 279-292. 

Barnett, P.J. & Averill, S.A. 2010. Heavy mineral dispersal trains in till in the area of the Lac des Iles PGE deposit, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis10, 391-399.  

McMartin, I.,Corriveau, L., Beaudoin, G., Averill, S.A. & Kjarsgaard, I. 2011. Results from an orientation study of the heavy mineral and till geochemical signatures of the NICO Au-Co-Bi deposit, Great Bear magmatic zone, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6723. 

Averill, S.A. 2010. Useful Ni-Cu-PGE versus kimberlite indicator minerals in surficial sediments: similarities and differences. In: Paulen, R.C & McMartin, I. (eds) Application of Till and Stream Sediment Heavy Mineral and Geochemical Methods to Mineral Exploration in Western and Northern Canada. Geological Association of Canada, Short Course Notes, 18, 125-140.  

Averill, S.A. 2001. The application of heavy indicator mineralogy in mineral exploration with emphasis on base metal indicators in glaciated metamorphic and plutonic terrains. In: McClenaghan, M.B., Bobrowsky, P.T., Hall, G.E.M. & Cook, S.J. (eds) Drift Exploration in Glaciated Terrains. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 185, 69-81.  

Porphyry Cu Indicator Minerals (PCIMs®)

Averill, S.A. 2013. Indicator mineral fingerprints in surficial sediments near Cu-Au deposits of the porphyry-epithermal-volcanogenic suite. In: McClenaghan, M.B., Plouffe, A. & Laython-Matthews, D. (eds.) Application of Indicator Mineral Methods to Mineral Exploration. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7553, 35-44. 

Averill, S.A. 2011. Viable indicator minerals in surficial sediments for two major base metal deposit types: Ni-Cu-PGE and porphyry Cu. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 11, 279-292. 

Kimberlite Indicator Minerals

Averill, S.A. 2010. Useful Ni-Cu-PGE versus kimberlite indicator minerals in surficial sediments: similarities and differences. In: Paulen, R.C & McMartin, I. (eds) Application of Till and Stream Sediment Heavy Mineral and Geochemical Methods to Mineral Exploration in Western and Northern Canada. Geological Association of Canada, Short Course Notes, 18, 125-140. 

Averill, S.A. & Huneault, R.G. 2003. Controlling the quality of kimberlite indicator mineral processing using indicator mineral spikes. The Association of Applied Geochemists, Explore Newsletter, 119, 2-4, 19-21.  

Morris, T.F., Crabtree, D.C. & Averill, S.A. 1998. Kimberlite, base metal and gold exploration targets based upon heavy mineral data derived from surface materials, Kapuskasing, Northeastern Ontario. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 5967.  

Averill, S.A. & McClenaghan, M.B. 1994. Distribution and character of kimberlite indicator mineral in glacial sediments, C14 and Diamond Lake kimberlite pipes, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2819.  

Technology

Averill, S.A. 2007. Recent advances in base metal indicator mineralogy: An update from Overburden Drilling Management Limited. The Association of Applied Geochemists, Explore Newsletter, 134, 2-6. 

Averill, S.A. & Huneault, R.G. 2007. Overburden Drilling Management Ltd: “Exploring Heavy Minerals”. The Association of Applied Geochemists, Explore Newsletter, 133, 1-5. 

Averill, S.A. 1990.  Drilling, sampling and sample processing methods for deep till geochemistry surveys:  Making the right choices.  Professional Association of Geologists and Geophysicists of Quebec, Short Course on Implications of Quaternary Geology for Mineral Exploration. 

Averill, S.A., MacNeil, K.A., Huneault, R.G. & Baker, C.L. 1986. Rotasonic drilling operations (1984) and overburden heavy mineral studies, Matheson area, District of Cochrane. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 5569. 

Averill, S.A. & Fortescue, J.A.C. 1983. Deep overburden and geochemical sampling in Hearst, Catherine, McElroy, Gauthier, Arnold, Clifford and Bisley Townships, Districts of Timiskaming and Cochrane. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 5456.  

Averill, S.A. & Thomson, I. 1981. Reverse circulation rotary drilling and deep overburden geochemical sampling in Marter, Catherine, McElroy, Skead, Gauthier and Hearst Townships, District of Timiskaming. Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 5335.